In China, the situation of food safety is getting worse. While the relationship between population and sustainable development has evoked considerable debates both for and against from a Malthusian perspective, in … They definitely present challenges to mankind, but there are also opportunities. Pitte: Developed countries don’t have mega cities like Beijing, Shanghai, Mumbai and Tokyo, which have 12–14 million people. Attention is given to innovative work in cultural, historical, medical, environmental, economic and development geography and to the traditionally broad perspective of human geography as a whole. Thus, the challenge of the century is to solve the problem of meeting the increasing needs and expectations of a growing population while at the same time modifying the current production and consumption patterns to achieve a more sustainable development model and address the links between development and rapid population change. Fu: Future Earth aims to close the gap between environmental research and current policies and practices. Geography provides the basic building blocks for the study of resource use and sustainable development, inasmuch as it categorizes the human environment. It's a fantastic experience—just like experiencing different landscapes, languages, and people. The MRC is an inter-governmental river basin organisation established by the riparian country governments of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Viet Nam, to facilitate regional cooperation in the management of shared resources of the Mekong River Basin. Space is concomitantly the generator, support, and a constraint for mobility. It's geographers’ job to assess how much energy a given level of urbanisation requires, how much land and clean water this needs, and how to go about infrastructure construction. First row from left to right: Mark Rosenberg, Dadao Lu; second row from left to right: Mark Stafford Smith, Jean-Robert Pitte, Bojie Fu. But the involvement of geographers has been rather limited. II. This might be a more practical way to encourage research in integrated areas. I did my PhD on the history of chestnut trees in Europe. We have a large research programme on that topic. I think it's a much better city now, but it's reaching its limit. This is key to questions of urbanisation, the environment, and people's everyday life in cities. Turn over IB/G/Jun18/7036/1 Do not write outside the box 0 2 . We must ensure that rural people, like city dwellers, can enjoy good social provisions in education, healthcare, communication and infrastructure. Consequently, the transdisciplinary requirements of sustainability research and the … Why specialising only in natural science? Pitte: Many people in the West are very negative about globalisation and global warming. The universality of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) (agreed in September 2015) and the Paris Climate Agreement (December 2015), as well as the necessity of confronting ‘planetary boundaries’ for human development (Steffen et al., 2015), highlights the limitations of the North–South divide of international development. Fu: Future Earth is a very influential international programme on global change. The Sustainable Development Goals are a call for action by all countries – poor, rich and middle-income – to promote prosperity while protecting the planet. The relationship between the environment and economic development may be accessed from two different points of view. Stafford Smith: It's indeed a big challenge to get politicians to act proactively. This syllabus gives details of the knowledge and skills which will be examined at 13+, following a suitable programme of study, which may be spread over several years. It's not only a question of finding and using water wisely, but how we clean and distribute water. Future Earth presents a great opportunity for geographers because geography is in essence a system science that links nature with society and links science with policy. Geography and Sustainability. In Canada, we often joke that it's much easier to convince politicians to build a new hockey arena than a new waste-water plant. A panel data investigation on 11 Asian countries. We have to find ways to create lifestyles in small cities and in countryside with the same good conditions as in mega cities but without the problems. This report provides key messages on the relationship between population dynamics and sustainable development. I’m trained in physical geography and landscape ecology. In Canada, 85% of the population live in cities. But it's in those more remote regions that many of our resources come from and activities such as carbon sequestration take place. I also teach food studies in the agricultural school of Hokkaido University in Japan. On the one hand, climate change influences key natural and human living conditions and thereby also the basis for social and economic development, while on the other hand, society’s priorities on sustainable development influence both the GHG emissions that are causing climate change … This evolution will be placed within the context of wider changes in global political economy. Rosenberg: I share your optimism. It's good for our physical health, our cultural health, and our imagination. Fu: Some of you have been working on food and public health. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. It's also very important to be able to visualise a future that everyone, especially leaders from different countries, can sign up to. The economic partnership will also provide for appropriate general exceptions, including in relation to security. Third, regarding food security, I agree with you, we are clever enough to produce enough food for everyone in the world. At the same time, the paper helps clarify how ESD is … sustainable synonyms, sustainable pronunciation, sustainable translation, English dictionary definition of sustainable. This is especially important in China, which faces many development challenges. Life span is increasing in most parts of the world, including China. Geography may be studied by way of several interrelated approaches, i.e., systematically, regionally, descriptively, and analytically. Working off-campus? It requires a multidisciplinary approach to tackle this—with geographers, environmental scientists and medical professionals working together. The situation is not getting worse compared to 50 years ago. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. The relationship between population and the environment is a significant issue due to its impact on chances for achieving sustainable development, especially in developing countries. Second, to improve the situation, we must advance greatly in clean energy. Today, it's not possible to isolate natural science from global science. Geography provides the basic building blocks for the study of resource use and sustainable development, inasmuch as it categorizes the human environment. It was prepared in the lead-up to Rio+20, the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, following extensive consultations and collaborations with thirteen sister agencies, civil society organizations, academics and the private sector. When you travel as tourists, you don’t want to eat at MacDonald or Pizza Hut, you want to eat local food. Now it's over 50%. This is in line with my long-term interest in how we can inform decision making by bringing together the social and environmental aspects of development issues. King’s SOAS Studies in Development Geography. Previous studies on this relationship have primarily focused on the impact of population growth on the environment, while the impact of the environment on population has … Search for other works by this author on: © The Author(s) 2016. It's critical that we play a meaningful role not only in basic research but in informing policies. One unintended consequence of economic development is the intense competition between communities, states, and nations for new economic development projects in today's globalized world. In September 2015, Canada and all United Nations Member States adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (the 2030 Agenda), a shared blueprint for partnership, peace and prosperity for all people and the planet, now and into the future. • Evaluation of balance between management and protection – allowing the area to be seen, visited, developed to a degree, but simultaneously protected from damage. Now the pace of urbanisation has slowed down. China faces serious challenges. Within the environment are resources that are needed for the survival of society. I should say mega cities, or big cities in general, are very useful. It is the third planet from the sun. Geography provides the basic building blocks for the study of resource use and sustainable development, inasmuch as it categorizes the human environment. So how can we move towards sustainable urbanisation? An intent of Future Earth is to be more engaged with policy makers, especially in coordinating opinions and policies. Before we begin, perhaps we can introduce ourselves and our research interest. For example, when Amazon was looking for the next location to place their second headquarters ( Amazon HQ2 ), cities and regions across the nation began submitting bids to … Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). It appears bright and bluish when seen from outer space. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, The School of Geography and Sustainable Development has a number of fully-funded PhD studentships available. Changing the paradigm: sustainable human development . Sea travel is much cheaper and faster than that of land, leading to a wider and quicker dissemination of both resources … Geographers can do many things to make the future better. the australian statistical geography standard (asgs) remoteness structure Remoteness Areas divide Australia into 5 classes of remoteness on the basis of a measure of relative access to services. In France, I’m in the minority who believe that the world is better today than yesterday. The need to link different disciplines, especially to link social and environmental elements, has become very important not only for analyzing the problems but thinking about the solutions. I think we are finally getting beyond the early debate of genetic modification. Paper 1 Physical geography and people and the environment . It became more expansive fairly quickly to include pastoralists’ decision making and related social and economic aspects, and the interaction between different land users—and ultimately how all these come together and operate. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Does environmental degradation shackle economic growth? Pitte: The challenge for geographers is to rethink land planning. As populations aggregate in big cities, so does the political focus. It's a broad set of work about adapting to long-term changes, managing cities and ecosystems, and dealing with disasters. I started at the local scale, particularly on plant and animal ecology in response to variability and the sustainability of pastoralism. Canada, for instance, has abundant fresh water, but the reality is many communities don’t get enough water, especially in summer months—because they don’t have the infrastructure to clean the water they need. In France, land planning was considered only as urban planning for a long time. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate, 2004. Qualification BA/BSc (H) Duration 3 Years. China has achieved unprecedented economic growth in the past decades. The 2030 Agenda focuses on the commitment to leave no one … Fu: Let's move on to the topic of urbanisation, which is also closely related to geography. Category News. Future Earth is an important platform for geographers because it concerns the relationship between the natural environment and human society. Fan Jie. They have better job and education opportunities; if well planned, densely populated areas can reduce land conversion and use energy more efficiently; they are also good places for brainstorming. It's a hot topic in China. 46. Sustainable development is the organizing principle for economic development while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services on which the economy and society depend. We have to try to stall the further growth of mega cities. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology: Vol. I think the challenge is how the scientific community, especially geographers, will respond in the coming years to the UN initiative on Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs). Food diversity is very important for the future of humanity. This paper discusses the nexus between geography, resource exploitation, use, and sustainable development. In China, we also need to make it resonate with the idea of building a harmonious society. For full access to this pdf, sign in to an existing account, or purchase an annual subscription. GEOGRAPHY . Urbanisation also need large areas of land as well as communication and transportation infrastructures. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. We conduct research and teaching on behalf of a more sustainable world. Jane Qiu, The role of geography in sustainable development, National Science Review, Volume 4, Issue 1, January 2017, Pages 140–143, https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nww082. The relation between theories and practices of development will be explored in the module, as well as how these have changed over time. Study MA Sustainable Development at the University of Edinburgh: ... and the second will consider the way that science and technology shape the relationship between humans and the environment. The practices experienced in China show that geography has played an irreplaceable role in promoting sustainable development, and can deal effectively with the challenges posed to the academic community by SDGs. A good introduction for environment-development issues in Africa. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. What roles can geographers play? Chinese geographers have drawn attention to the problems and had an important role in the current policy shift. I’m an economic geographer, focusing on sustainable development, especially the East-to-West development in China, and advises the government on such issues. There would be no future for humanity without imagination. I hope geographers will take an active part in Future Earth and push policy makers to take action. Perhaps journals should be more open to that kind of papers, and there should also be more integrated, sustainability journals. It's a pleasure of life. First, I don’t think food safety is a big problem. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide, This PDF is available to Subscribers Only. Within the environment are resources that are needed for the survival of society. Courses related to Geography Education Studies and Global Sustainable Development. Transport geography can be understood from a series of eight core principles: Transportation is the spatial linking of derived demand. Pollutants are poisoning our water and soil, which get into plants and livestock and consumed by humans. I’m also strongly involved in Future Earth, which concerns how various issues of global change come together in a systems way. Aquí nos gustaría mostrarte una descripción, pero el sitio web que estás mirando no lo permite. Today, the Division for Sustainable Development Goals (DSDG) in the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA) provides substantive support and capacity-building for the SDGs and their related thematic issues, including water, energy, climate, oceans, urbanization, transport, science and technology, the Global Sustainable Development Report (GSDR), … Stafford Smith: A challenge to get that interdisciplinary work really happening, connecting science with social science, is our incentive and award systems that focus on publications and are not set up to help integration very well. My long-term interests are in the challenges of groups within society that are marginalized and their ability to access health and social services. This paper examines how Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is transmitted in the context of geography education by investigating the extent to which geography textbooks in Vietnam promote ESD principles. But governments have to work together on this. As the World Commission on Culture and Development (WCCD) noted, a society’s culture is neither static nor unchanging but rather is in a constant state of flux, influencing and being influenced by other world-views and expressive forms. The relation between space and time can converge or diverge. ... the role of transnational corporations (TNCs) in relation to industrial development. 708-720. One implication is that researchers find it very hard to publish integrative work in specialised journals. Global science is not just about natural science but about humanity, society and culture. The challenge is how you organise societies in a way that allow safe production and distribution of food. Its overall aim is: to: “ensure inclusive and It's not easy. Another key parameter is the nature of populations. (9) Geography. As resources are largely limited and finite, humans as agents of change must employ techniques that allow an efficient and lasting use of the available resources in their environment. Fu: Future Earth aims to close the gap between environmental research and current policies and practices. Geography is very important for unifying social and natural sciences. One of the University of Bern’s strategic research centres, we are tasked with mainstreaming sustainability throughout the university’s research and teaching. A course leading to this examination should: (i) stimulate curiosity about the world; (ii) introduce candidates to places, people and environments; It’d be wonderful if NSR could broaden its explicit engagement by taking a more integrative approach and by bringing in an element of geography and sustainable science. Australia has just come through a mining boom, but we did not reinvest that money in infrastructure. Welcome to the Mekong River Commission (MRC) website. This is very important. If I eat with you in China, I eat Chinese food and I understand much more about China. Capable of being sustained. One point of view is that factors like political climate, governmental policies and culture in the environment affects economic development. Geography provides the basic building blocks for the study of resource use and sustainable development, inasmuch as it categorizes the human environment. Distance is a relative concept involving space, time, and effort. I’ll start. The spatial coupling characteristics between the construction of Qinghai-Tibet National Park Cluster and the sustainable development of local communities. My research focuses on land-use changes, ecosystem services and management, especially concerning dry lands. Geography is a good way of thinking the world today and identifying opportunities and challenges. It critically examines the complex relations between people and places through key themes and concepts in current human geography. But if you don’t do anything, there will be more and more people in your mega cities, exacerbating existing problems. It has begun to instigate a series of policies to tackle pollution, increase the proportion of clean energy, and redress the balance between urban and rural development—in a coordinated effort to build a harmonious society. Earth travels around the sun at an average distance of about 93 million miles (150 million kilometers). It's impossible from many perspectives—both environmental and social. Main Site, Coventry. There is little research on this in China. The journal encourages wider analysis and innovative thinking about global and regional sustainability by bridging and synthesising … Economic geographer at the Institute of Geography and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, Historical and cultural geographer at the University of Paris-Sorbonne in Paris, France, Health geographer at Queen's University in Ontario, Canada, Ecologist at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) in Canberra, Australia, Physical geographer at the Research Centre for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing; President of Geographical Society of China. I was in Beijing for the first time 22 years ago. The economic partnership will recognise that sustainable development is an overarching objective of the Parties. A big question is how to build sustainable cities, especially in developing countries. Second, it's clear from basic science that we are going to live in a warmer climate with drier soil. sustainable development. SDG 4 – Education 2030 Relationship Relationship between Sustainable Development Goal 4 and the Education 2030 Framework for Action Sustainable Development Goal 4 is the education-related goal of the United National 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted in September 2015. If we look at the data, it's clear that globally we certainly have the ability to produce enough high-quality food to feed the world. Formerly I was the President of the Univeristy of Paris-Sorbonne. This era has provided great opportunities for geographers because geography is, in essence, a discipline of systems science that links nature with society and science with policy, which creates a key role for geography in sustainable development (Peng et al., 2020; Qiu, 2017). Let's talk a bit about these topics. We are now working with many countries on this topic. Some of the so-called developed countries are among the worst when you take an integrative view. But the pressure is still there to further urbanisation because China still has a large population in rural areas where the standard of life and work conditions are still quite poor. This should impact how we build our cities but hasn’t been taken into account. The Antarctic Treaty and its role is likely to be investigated and its significance in offering protection from certain types of development, including mineral exploration. 1. 26, No. Lu: China has invested heavily in the past decades on various aspects of climate change research, such as atmospheric science, oceanography and ecology. It was preceded by a WHO meeting, hosted by the Government of Norway, from 29 November to 1 December 2001 in Oslo, Norway on the theme “Making Health Central to Sustainable Development – Planning the Health Agenda for the World Summit on Sustainable Development”. Stafford Smith: I agree. This is a great challenge for China. Water is another challenge. AIMS . We should take a systematic approach, focusing not only on cities but also rural areas and their interaction. My research group mainly focuses on ageing and the implications for health and social services. But as an over-arching framework—which is about how we link food, energy, water, urbanisation, social equality, jobs, economics and everything else in governance—the SDGs are actually an extraordinary step forward in terms of integrated framing. It's about food distribution as much as about food production. (2019). Ultimately, scientists will need to use genetic modification to find new crop varieties that can grow under new sets of conditions. Lu: the level of development is getting worse governmental policies and.! Research map very well with issues that future Earth has had serious consequences on the environment and development. 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