Printed material, including the proceedings of general meetings, is open for research. [6] By 1960, it enjoyed a close relationship with the party and, unusually, every one of its local branches was affiliated to its Constituency Labour Party. The strike aimed to secure higher wages and to reduce the working week from 56 to 40 hours. Race riots had occurred in seaports such as South Shields, Liverpool and Cardiff. After the outbreak of World War I, the union began collaborating closely with the Admiralty and shipowners in support of the war effort. Yet from its inception the union expressed a belief in the possibility of industrial harmony, and announced itself in favour of establishing conciliation procedures. Many members felt that the union was too closely associated with the employers and that it had failed to defend its members' interests. Laura Tabili, "The Construction of Racial Difference in Twentieth-Century Britain: The Special Restriction (Coloured Alien Seamen) Order, 1925," Journal of British Studies 33 (January 1994): 54–98. In 1897, the ASRS began a new series of membership registers, which was continued by the NUR. From 1916, Havelock Wilson emerged as one of the most vehement supporters of the war in the labour movement, ostensibly because of Germany's conduct of the war at sea, especially the alleged targeting of non-combatant vessels. Further wage reductions were made in 1923, and 1925, which again outraged members. Although partly due to the actions of shipowners, the difficulties experienced by the union in this period have also been attributed to its officials' taste for litigation and their inadequate handling of union finances. The seamen's trade union records held at the Modern Records Centre do not readily lend themselves to tracing the careers of individual seamen, so it is probably best to start with one of the guides to shipping records produced by the National Archives. This collection includes: rules; minutes and papers of executive council and other bodies; financial records; subject files; periodical and other publications; research records; press cuttings; legal records; branch records. In 1888 and 1889 the union fought a number of successful strikes in Glasgow, Seaham, Liverpool and other major ports. From the description of Photograph collection, [ca. In 1921, the National Maritime Board imposed wage reductions, which were supported by the NSFU. In 1897, the ASRS began a new series of membership registers, which was continued by the NUR. In the only issue the museum has for 1940, it is titled the ‘National Union of Seamen’. The Labour Prime Minister, Harold Wilson, was strongly critical of the strike, alleging that it had been taken over by Communists to bring down his administration. Other sections of the trade union and labour movement were also strongly critical of the NSFU's detrimental collusion with employers. These pre-1967 records, from Record Group 26, Records of the U.S. Coast Guard, Merchant Marine Personnel and Licensing Records, contain a wealth of information. Criticism of the NSFU became increasingly widespread with its apparent role in the 1925 Special Restriction (Coloured Alien Seamen) Order, which is seen as the first path-breaking attempt to expel non-British-born people;[4] its failure to observe the general strike in 1926; and its support of a "non-political" Miners' Union in Nottinghamshire. These records of apprenticeships, from IR 1, are for various professions, including seamen both as apprentices and as masters. 1940-1960]. More importantly, it brought greater connection to the union. In the changing context of the nineteenth century, when legal restrictions against combination were removed and communications became increasingly easy, the trade union movement evolved rapidly from its original craft base. By 1889 it had 45 branches and a nominal membership of 80,000. The National Maritime Union of America was established in New York City in 1937. Militant resistance to the NSFU was expressed through the Seamen's Minority Movement (founded 1924) part of the Transport Workers' Minority Movement. Seamens Union of Australia (i) - Trade Union entry - Australian Trade Union Archives - Australian Trade Union archives (ATUA) is an online gateway for researchers and scholars of labour history, designed to link together historical detail, archival resources, published resources and current information about Australian industrial organisat University of Warwick Library Modern Records Centre Affiliated to the TRADES AND LABOR CONGRESS , this effective, well-supported, nationalist, communist-led industrial union contributed handsomely to Canada's WWII effort despite the leadership's flip-flops. The registration of seamen was introduced under the Merchant Shipping Act, 1835, to allow the Government to A degree of reform was conceded in 1962, with the decision to allow a system of workplace representation by shop stewards. Bound Vessels Arriving in Canada, 1912-1939 and 1953-1962 The political importance of the strike was enormous: the disruption of trade had an adverse effect on the United Kingdom's (precarious) balance of payments, provoked a run on the pound and threatened to undermine the government's attempts to keep wage increases below 3.5%. U.S., Official records of the Union and Confederate Armies, 1861-1865 U.S., Pardons Under Amnesty Proclamations, 1865-1869 U.S., Passenger and Crew Lists for U.S. The Seamen's Union, the National Maritime Board and Firemen 17 to the problems of mobility and dispersal. These records come from The National Archives' record series BT112, BT113, BT114, BT115, BT116, BT119 and BT120. • Catalogue of the NUS archives, held at the Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick WorldCat record id: 477248633. RESPONDENT: UNION OF INDIA AND OTHERS DATE OF JUDGMENT08/11/1982 BENCH: MISRA, R.B. Brand New. In 1990, the union amalgamated with the National Union of Railwaymen to form the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT). The National Maritime Union of America was established in New York City in 1937. Contemporaries often regarded the NSFU as a militant organisation because of the strikes in which it had involved itself in the late 1880s and in 1911. A National Seamen's Reform Movement was established in the latter year. The records of the National Union of Railwaymen are essentially a continuation of those of the Amalgamated Society of Railway Servants of England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales which was the largest partner in the amalgamation forming the union. National Union of Seamen Great Britain. The government has "in principle" approved the National Union of Seafarers of India (NUSI) demand of extending employee welfare measures such as provident fund and pension to the seamen … In 1922 a cooks and stewards' section was formed and the Hull Seamen's Union, the oldest and strongest of the local societies, was absorbed. Its founder and president, J. Havelock Wilson, served several terms as a Liberal Party MP, and the union itself did not affiliate to the Labour Party until 1919. In many ports rank and file strike committees and activists played a more important organisational role than the union itself, and the union's long-standing programme was over-shadowed by demands for wage increases. The National Union of Seamen was founded in 1893 as the National Sailors and Firemen's Union, the successor to the National Amalgamated Sailors and Firemen's Union of Great Britain and Ireland, founded in 1887 on the initiative of J.H. The term failed to recognise that women were also members; some seawomen had earlier organized in an unsuccessful Guild of Stewardesses. Merchant seamen who were discharged from the navy between 1940 and 1972 had their records filed … 1940-1960]. This site uses cookies I understand More information. Records changed over time, and those that still exist have been filed under a range of catalogue numbers, though at least the bulk of them are held in one repository: The National Archives at Kew. Indeed, at the 1918 general election, it sponsored three candidates:[3], Wilson was primarily sponsored by the Liberal Party, while Bell described himself as a Coalition Labour candidate. On 23 May, a week after the outbreak of the strike, the Government declared a state of emergency, but emergency powers were not used. When the National Union of Seamen vacated its old headquarters at Maritime House, two large basements of records had been left behind and a selection had to be made of which records to save. Christian Høgsbjerg, "Mariner, renegade and castaway: Chris Braithwaite, seamen’s organiser and Pan-Africanist", National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers, The Strike and the Split – The NSFU and BSU in Southampton, 1911–1913, Modern Records Centre, University of Warwick, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=National_Union_of_Seamen&oldid=971681627, Defunct trade unions of the United Kingdom, 1887 establishments in the United Kingdom, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 August 2020, at 15:55. (New York University). 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