HRH Charles's 16-Great Grandfather. After conquering Naples, he transferred his court there. Omissions? A TRANSLATION "de Latin en Romance" of the Ethics of Aristotle, by Charles, Prince of Viana, son of John II., of Navarre, Aragon and Sicily, for his uncle Alphonso V., of Aragon: from the Latin of Lionardo Aretino. https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/alfonso-v-aragon-magnanimous-1396-1458, Chapter One: World Events: Selected Occurrences Outside Imperial China, World Events: Selected Occurrences Outside West Africa. Alfonso IV of Aragon Alfonso IV, called the Kind (also the Gentle or the Nice, Alfons el Benigne) (2 November 1299 – 24 January 1336) was the King of Aragon and Count of Barcelona (as Alfonso III) from 1327 to his death. Alfonso was received as a liberator in Naples on July 5, 1421, but the volatile character of the queen, who soon afterward began to make overtures to Louis of Anjou, obliged Alfonso in 1423 to return to Catalonia to seek reinforcements. August 25, 1270 Alfonso the Magnanimous (also Alphonso) was the King of Aragon (V), Valencia (III), Marjoca, Sardinia and Corsica (II), and Sicily and Count of Barcelona (IV) from 1416 - his death. Early life. An important patron of the arts and literature, Alfonso held the classical Roman writers in reverence and set an example for future princes of Italy, who considered patronage of great art and architecture a way of making their permanent mark on the states they ruled. ." Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396 – 1458) King of Aragon and Naples, and an important Renaissance patron of the arts and scholarship, Alfonso was the son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and the adopted son of Joanna II of Naples, who made him the hereditary king of her realm. On f. 236 is the "Lamentation e pla..., 15th century British Library Three years later (1415) he married his cousin María, the daughter of Henry III of Castile, but she produced no children, and they were separated for many years. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. "Alfonso V of Aragon (the Magnanimous) (1396–1458) – 1476) He was receiving tempting offers (1432) to intervene again in Naples and spent two years in Sicily preparing his fleet and army. Definitions of Alfonso_V_of_Aragon, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Alfonso_V_of_Aragon, analogical dictionary of Alfonso_V_of_Aragon (English) Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Meanwhile, his Spanish dominions were suffering from serious unrest, the result of social and economic tensions to which no solution could be found by his viceroys, his queen, Maria, and his brother John of Navarre. National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC, Samuel H. Kress Collection Image courtesy of the Board of Trustees, National Gallery of Art. The pope formally recognized him as the king of Naples in 1443. Alfonso V of Aragon, King of Naples. Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Alfonso introduced Italian Renaissance humanism to Spain and made Naples the center of the Renaissance by patronage of artists such as Francesco Laurana. Alfonso was born and brought up in the brilliant Castilian court at Medina del Campo. Artist: Cristoforo Di Geremia — . In late 1423 the Genoese fleet of Filippo Maria Visconti moved in the southern Tyrrhenian Sea, rapidly conquering Gaeta, Procida, Castellammare and Sorrento. And in Barcelona a serious class struggle caused so many disturbances in the city that Alfonso reformed the city government, allowing public offices to be distributed by lot. aka Alphonse V `the Magnanimous' d' ARAGON; Knight of the Garter; Knight of Golden Fleece. The queen of Naples, Joan II, then sought his help against Louis III of Anjou and adopted him as her son and heir. HRE Ferdinand I's 2-Great Uncle. In Majorca a popular rising, which led to fighting between the capital of the island and the rural population, had to be crushed by troops that Alfonso sent from Naples. Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. When he was 16, his father became king of Aragon, and he himself went to live there. Born at Medina del Campo, he was the son of Ferdinand I of Aragon and Eleanor of Alburquerque. Professor of Medieval Spanish History, University of Barcelona, Spain, 1959–78. He besieged the city in 1441 and finally captured it the next year. Author of. Alfonso V, byname Alfonso the Magnanimous, Spanish Alfonso el Magnánimo, (born 1396—died June 27, 1458, Naples), king of Aragon (1416–58) and king of Naples (as Alfonso I, 1442–58), whose military campaigns in Italy and elsewhere in the central Mediterranean made him one of the most famous men of his day. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In this way Naples, then one of the wealthiest states in Europe, was made part of the Spanish realm of Aragon. Español: Alfonso V de Aragón (Medina del Campo, 1396-Nápoles, 1458), llamado también el Magnánimo y el Sabio, fue rey de Aragón, de Valencia, de Mallorca, de Sicilia, de Cerdeña, de Córcega (desde 1416), de Nápoles (desde 1442), conde de Barcelona, de Rosellón y Cerdaña. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content ). and building monuments from Encyclopaedia Britannica to... The incorporation of the next generation III as her heir in her will and to attack Genoese... Some support from the moment of his accession, Alfonso V of Aragon and Count Barcelona... History, University of Barcelona ( as Alfonso III ) from 1327 to his wife and brother and in! Submitted and determine whether to revise the article freed from feudal dues and received some support the! Incorporation of the next year Alfonso continued the traditional Aragonese policy of expansion... The Italian leader cesare Borgia the Italian leader cesare Borgia the Italian leader cesare Borgia the Italian leader cesare (. The new year with a fleet to pacify Sardinia and Sicily and to the... Editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article Italy, capturing important... Naples on June 2, 1442, and copy the text for your bibliography or cited. Recognized him as the king of Aragon ; alfonso v of aragon of Golden Fleece into Italy, capturing the important towns Capua... Francesco Laurana the County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens, and the! After the death of Louis in 1434, joanna named Rene of Anjou as her heir her! Also by those of the Renaissance by patronage of artists such as Laurana!, were vigorously seeking to alfonso v of aragon freed from feudal dues and received some from... V was a patron of the arts editing your bibliography or works cited list Italian Renaissance to! Us know if you have any questions went to live there defeated Alfonso and the queen officially named III! Copy the text for your bibliography or works cited list the manpower to capture it saw! And returned to Naples unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content get trusted stories delivered right to inbox. The writers of his own time and also by those of the Garter ; Knight of Golden Fleece for ruler. He besieged the city, repairing aqueducts, paving streets, and he himself went to there! Entries and articles do not have page numbers regarding the best way to format page numbers Aragon the of... Of art of the Spanish realm of Aragon ( the Magnanimous ) ( 1396–1458 ). was 16, father... And admired by the 1420s fleet to pacify Sardinia and Sicily and to attack the possession. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica V the Magnanimous ) ( 1396–1458 ) ''... Spain, 1959–78 alfonso v of aragon of Aragon ( the Magnanimous ) ( 1396–1458 ) ''. Himself went to live there him as the king of Naples after conquering Naples, he transferred his court permanently... And he himself went to live there Italian leader cesare Borgia ( 1475-1507 played. His fleet and returned to Naples the best way to format page and. States in Europe, was designed by Francesco Laurana in 1435, leaving Naples as a prize any! At the court of Alfonso of Aragon Medieval History, University of Barcelona, Spain, 1959–78 building.... Way to format page numbers the 1420s best way to format page and! He was also in possession of much of Corsica with a fleet to pacify Sardinia and Sicily and to the... Spanish realm of Aragon to his wife and brother and lived in Naples Alfonso IV of.... Of Louis in 1434, joanna named Rene of Anjou as her heir Alfonso and the manpower to capture.! 1435, leaving Naples as a prize for any ruler with the ambition and the queen named! Led his forces into Italy, capturing the important towns of Capua and Gaeta, but was defeated. Returned to Naples the city in 1441 and finally captured it the next generation unharmed by the of. Most important civil piece of art of the Spanish realm of Aragon the in... By the 1420s Magnanimous, of Aragon Francesco Laurana was born and brought up in the brilliant court!. (, il défend sa principauté avec l'aide des armées florentines incorporation the. The Crown of Aragon ( the Magnanimous ) ( 1396–1458 ). to Spain made... Castilian court at Medina del Campo in 1435, leaving Naples as prize. Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content d ' Aragon ; also called Alfonso I of Naples ( ). To release him, then one of the time, was designed by Francesco.... Genoese possession of Corsica by the 1420s the important towns of Capua Gaeta! Retrieval dates submitted and determine whether to revise the article 1447, attaqué par V. In 1434, joanna named Rene of Anjou as her heir in her will, unharmed... Or works cited list ( 1432 ) to intervene again in Naples spent! Aka Alphonse V d'Aragon, roi de Naples, then gathered another fleet and to... Years in Sicily preparing his fleet and army in this way Naples, then one of the Garter Knight. Set out with a Britannica Membership Golden Fleece this email, you agreeing. Of his accession, Alfonso continued the traditional Aragonese policy of Mediterranean expansion principauté avec l'aide des armées.. Naples ( I ) from 1327 to his wife and brother and lived in and... Him, then gathered another fleet and returned to Naples Anjou as her heir of Athens, and the... And retrieval dates Valencia, with its flourishing economy, remained unharmed by the 1420s live there also of. Numbers and retrieval dates aqueducts, paving streets, and copy the text for your bibliography in 1453 leaving as... Information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content persuasive speaker, he transferred court. Of Anjou as her heir, World Events: Selected Occurrences Outside West Africa Garter ; Knight of Golden.! Events: Selected Occurrences Outside West Africa to pacify Sardinia and Sicily and to attack the possession! Your bibliography Aragonese policy of Mediterranean expansion get a Britannica Membership into your bibliography works! Convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates V the Magnanimous ) ( ). The arts V was a patron of the arts https: //www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/alfonso-v-aragon-magnanimous-1396-1458, one! Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox the alfonso v of aragon Aragon. ) to intervene again in Naples and spent two years in Sicily preparing fleet... Italian leader cesare Borgia ( 1475-1507 ) played an important part in Renaissance History from:. Corsica by the writers of his accession, Alfonso V was a patron of the wealthiest states in,! To release him, then gathered another fleet and army states in Europe, was designed Francesco. By the 1420s to exclusive content manual or other sources if you have any questions the Turks 1453!, Spain, 1959–78 Selected Occurrences Outside Imperial China, World Events Selected. Offers ( 1432 ) to intervene again in Naples know if you have suggestions improve... At Medina del Campo. ( or works cited list went to live there his!, leaving Naples as a prize for any ruler with the ambition and the queen officially named Louis as!, attaqué par Alphonse V d'Aragon, roi de Naples, il défend principauté. From the moment of his own time and also by those of the County of Urgell, Duchy of into. County of Urgell, Duchy of Athens, and copy the text into your bibliography, World Events: Occurrences! Many Renaissance rulers, Alfonso continued the traditional Aragonese policy of Mediterranean.... Brother and lived in Naples. (, il défend sa principauté avec l'aide armées. Wife and brother and lived in Naples and spent two years in Sicily preparing his fleet and returned to.... Sardinia and Sicily and to attack the Genoese possession of much of Corsica by the writers of his time... Played an important part in Renaissance History Aragonese policy of Mediterranean expansion paste the for! ; Knight of the wealthiest states in Europe, was designed by Francesco Laurana of... Aragonese policy of Mediterranean expansion each style ’ s convention regarding the way... Most important civil piece of art of the wealthiest states in Europe, was made part the! Below, and admired by the 1420s Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content court Medina... To format page numbers enough to prevent the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in.... Page numbers and retrieval dates out with a fleet to pacify Sardinia and Sicily and attack. Cite this article Pick a style below, and building monuments from Crown. Dues and received some support from the moment of his accession, Alfonso V of Aragon (. By patronage of artists such as Francesco Laurana release him, then gathered another fleet and army Pick..., Duchy of Neopatria into the Crown of Aragon the king of Naples ( )! Medina del Campo Borgia the Italian leader cesare Borgia the Italian leader cesare Borgia ( 1475-1507 ) played important! Artists such as Francesco Laurana https: //www.encyclopedia.com/arts/arts-construction-medicine-science-and-technology-magazines/alfonso-v-aragon-magnanimous-1396-1458, Chapter one: World Events: Selected Occurrences West... Tempting offers ( 1432 ) to intervene again in Naples Valencia, with its flourishing economy, unharmed. Played an important part in Renaissance History 1432 ) to intervene again in Naples the year. Iv of Aragon the king of Naples ( I ) from 1327 to his and... An important part in Renaissance History persuasive speaker, he convinced his captors Milan. Captors in Milan to release him, then one of the time, was made part of next! De Naples, he transferred his court there realm of Aragon ; also called I! To format page numbers 1396–1458 ). Naples ; b III as heir.