Progress with respect to the rule of law and access to justice is mixed. But many countries still face protracted armed conflict and violence, and far too many people struggle as a result of weak institutions and the lack of access to justice, information and other fundamental freedoms. Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements. Nearly 8 in 10 children aged 1 to 14 years were subjected to some form of psychological aggression and/or physical punishment on a regular basis at home in 81 countries (primarily developing), according to available data from 2005 to 2017. Through its entirety, the importance of enhancing access to justice, ensuring safety and security, and promoting human rights for sustainable development are reflected, while Sustainable Development Goal 16 marks the intersection between sustaining peace and the 2030 Agenda. Over 90 per cent of victims detected were trafficked for sexual exploitation or forced labour. <br> Total value of inward and outward illicit financial flows (in current United States dollars), Proportion of seized, found or surrendered arms whose illicit origin or context has been traced or established by a competent authority in line with international instruments. As described in the 2016 UNDP Annual Report on The Rule of Law and Human Rights, Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16) – for peaceful, just, and inclusive societies – ushers in a new kind of development: one where people could influence the decisions that affect their lives and create communities that thrive. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. Voting rights assigned to various groups of countries in international institutions is one indication of inclusivity at the international level. Yet during that period, the homicide rate in developing countries was twice that in developed countries, and increased in the least developed countries. Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance. In all but seven of these countries, at least half of children experienced violent disciplinary methods. Ensure public access to information and protect fundamental freedoms, in accordance with national legislation and international agreements Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels. By 2030, significantly reduce illicit financial and arms flows, strengthen the recovery and return of stolen assets and combat all forms of organised crime. End abuse, exploitation, trafficking and all forms of violence against and torture of children. Sustainable Development Goal 16 (SDG 16 or Global Goal 16) is about "peace, justice and strong institutions." Goal 17: Partnerships. <br> Proportion of children under 5 years of age whose births have been registered with a civil authority, by age. Advances in promoting the rule of law and access to justice are uneven. Ninety-nine journalists and bloggers were among the victims. In sub-Saharan Africa, over half (54 per cent) of children have not been registered by their fifth birthday. Sustainable Development Goal 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels. Promote the rule of law at the national and international levels and ensure equal access to justice for all In 2018, a total of 39 per cent of all countries had in place an institution that was fully compliant with the internationally agreed standard, seven countries more than was the case in 2015. Peace, justice and effective, accountable and inclusive institutions are at the core of sustainable development. This occurred in a context where the total prison population grew in absolute values while remaining constant as a share of the total population. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere <br> Proportions of positions (by sex, age, persons with disabilities and population groups) in public institutions (national and local legislatures, public service, and judiciary) compared to national distributions, Proportion of population who believe decision-making is inclusive and responsive, by sex, age, disability and population group. Survey data from 31 low- and middle-income countries suggest that the proportion of women aged between 18 and 29 who experienced sexual violence for the first time before the age of 18 varies widely, ranging from zero to 16 per cent. Based on the limited data available, in 14 of 46 countries with comparable data, at least 5 per cent of women between the ages of 18 and 29 experienced sexual intercourse or other sexual acts that were forced, physically or in other ways, for the first time before they were 18 years of age. Despite recent progress, the births of more than 1 in 4 children under the age of 5 worldwide have not been recorded. Comparable data on the experiences of men are only available for five countries, but values are lower than those reported among women in the same countries. Sustainable Development Goal 16 Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive … In slightly more than one in four countries with comparable data from 2012 to 2019 (45 countries), at least 5 per cent of women between 18 and 29 years of age reported experiencing sexual violence in childhood. By 2014, the figures had dropped to 18 per cent and 7 per cent, respectively, but were still almost twice the levels recorded for 2004. However, the percentage for developing regions has consistently been more than two times that of developed regions. The share of unsentenced detainees in the overall prison population has remained largely constant at 30 per cent in recent years. However, based on data from 2010 to 2019, the births of around one in four children under 5 years of age were never officially recorded. Ensure responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making at all levels Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms From 2017 to 2018, the United Nations recorded and verified 431 killings across 41 countries. Many regions of the world continue to suffer untold horrors as a result of armed conflict or other forms of violence that occur within societies and at the domestic level. The number of journalists killed increased from 65 in 2010 to 114 in 2015, despite the fact that, by 2013, 90 States had adopted laws on freedom of and/or access to information. Significantly reduce all forms of violence and related death rates everywhere. Access to internationally recognized national human rights institutions, however, remains overdue in 78 countries, in particular in Eastern and South-Eastern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Oceania and sub-Saharan Africa. The pace of progress to put in place national human rights institutions compliant with the Paris Principles must be accelerated. <br> Proportion of victims of violence in the previous 12 months who reported their victimization to competent authorities or other officially recognized conflict resolution mechanisms, Unsentenced detainees as a proportion of overall prison population. Broaden and strengthen the participation of developing countries in the institutions of global governance More than 570 different flows involving trafficking in persons were detected between 2012 and 2014, affecting all regions; many involved movement from lower-income to higher-income countries. The official wording is to "Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts". Among the 123 countries for which data on the legal framework is available, 40 do not include the right to appeal to an independent administrative body, which has been assessed as key for the proper implementation of this right. The worldwide number of victims of intentional homicide was estimated to be between 4.6 and 6.8 per 100,000 people in 2014, a slight decrease with respect to previous years. Latin America and the Caribbean (33 per cent) and sub-Saharan Africa (36 per cent) accounted for more than two thirds of homicide victims globally. At least 1,019 human rights defenders, journalists and trade unionists have been killed in 61 countries since 2015. There has been an overall increase in the detection of victims of trafficking in persons, which could reflect either a positive (enhanced efforts by authorities to identify victims) or negative (larger trafficking problem) development. Substantially reduce corruption and bribery in all their forms. This slight uptick was largely the result of an increase in the homicide rates in Latin America and the Caribbean and in some countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The vast majority (70 per cent) of detected victims of human trafficking were women and girls, most of whom were trafficked for sexual exploitation. By 2030, provide legal identity for all, including birth registration Efforts are under way to make national and international institutions more effective, inclusive and transparent. The proportion of countries with national human rights institutions has doubled over the past 15 years, reaching 35.5 per cent by the end of 2015. While homicide and trafficking cases have seen significant progress over the past decade, there are still thousands of people at greater risk of intentional murder within Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and around Asia. Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development. sdgcounting. Deviation between the approved and actual spending during the period 2006–2017 in 108 countries shows that actual spending was within plus or minus 5 per cent of the approved budget in about half of the countries. In a departure from prior findings, recent data show that most trafficking victims were detected domestically: 58 per cent in 2016, up from 43 per cent in 2014. One of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals established by the United Nations in 2015, the official wording is: "Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels". Birth registration plays a primary role in ensuring individual rights and access to justice and social services. Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions We cannot hope for sustainable development without peace, stability, human rights and effective governance, based on the rule of law. The Goal has 12 targets to be achieved by 2030. In 2019, 40 per cent of countries had a national human rights institution that had successfully achieved compliance with the principles relating to the status of national institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights (the Paris Principles). For example, while developing countries account for 63 per cent of voting rights in the African Development Bank, this figure is only 35 per cent in the International Monetary Fund and 38 per cent in the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development of the World Bank Group. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all. Develop effective, accountable and transparent institutions at all levels Children’s rights violations through aggression and sexual violence continue to plague many countries around the world, especially as under-reporting and lack of data aggravate the problem. Fewer than half (44 per cent) of all children in sub-Saharan Africa under 5 years of age had their births registered. Conflict, insecurity, weak institutions and limited access to justice remain a great threat to sustainable development. The global rate of homicide per 100,000 persons slowly declined, from 6.8 to 5.9 to 5.8 per cent in 2000, 2015 and 2018, respectively, corresponding to approximately 440,000 victims of homicide, 81 per cent of whom were men and 19 per cent of whom were women. However, implementation remains a challenge. Sexual violence is one of the most unsettling of children’s rights violations. If growth continues at the same rate, by 2030 only a little over one half (54 per cent) of all countries worldwide will have compliant national human rights institutions. In Southern Asia, for instance, more than 2 out of 3 prisoners remained unsentenced in 2012-2014, despite some improvement over the data available for the period 2003 to 2005. Advances in ending violence, promoting the rule of law, strengthening institutions and increasing access to justice are uneven and continue to deprive millions of their security, rights and opportunities and undermine the delivery of public services and broader economic development. In Northern Africa, the share was more than 90 per cent. <br> Existence of independent national human rights institutions in compliance with the Paris Principles, Promote and enforce non-discriminatory laws and policies for sustainable development, Proportion of population reporting having personally felt discriminated against or harassed in the previous 12 months on the basis of a ground of discrimination prohibited under international human rights law. Freedom-of-information laws and policies have been adopted by 116 countries, with at least 25 countries doing so over the last five years. Among victims of robbery, between one quarter and one half reported the crime to the police, in 27 countries with available data. Sustainable Development Goal 16 - United Nations and the Rule of Law. The Rule of Law in UN Intergovernmental Work, Strengthening and Coordinating Rule of Law Activities, United Nations Rule of Law support in the context of COVID-19 pandemic. The number of victims of intentional homicide worldwide remained relatively stable from 2008 to 2014. During the past years, many parties within the United Nations have progressively described how the rule of law and human rights are imperative to achieving and sustaining peace, as well as to realizing the vision now set forth in the Sustainable Development Goals. Moreover, despite the lack of harmonized data, fatalities and injuries related to armed conflict appear to be increasing in some countries, causing unprecedented population displacements and enormous humanitarian needs. Violent forms of discipline targeted towards children were widespread. They pave the way for the provision of access to justice for all and for building effective, accountable institutions at all levels. Source: Report of the Secretary-General, Special edition: progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals. 16. Globally, the share of girls and boys among victims of human trafficking (21 per cent and 13 per cent, respectively) peaked in 2011. In 2014, the majority of detected trafficking victims were women and girls (71 per cent), and about 28 per cent were children (20 per cent girls and 8 per cent boys). Progress towards targets will be measured by 23 indicators. Follow. One out of 10 countries had a deviation of more than plus or minus 15 per cent. Globally, 73 per cent of children under 5 have had their births registered; the proportion is less than half (46 per cent) in sub-Saharan Africa. Several regions have enjoyed increased and sustained levels of peace and security in recent decades. Globally, the proportion of people held in detention without sentencing decreased slightly, from 32 per cent of total detainees in 2003-2005 to 30 per cent in 2012-2014. Renewed efforts are essential to move towards the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 16. <br> Number of victims of intentional homicide per 100,000 population, by sex and age, Conflict-related deaths per 100,000 population, by sex, age and cause, Proportion of population subjected to physical, psychological or sexual violence in the previous 12 months, Proportion of population that feel safe walking alone around the area they live. Almost half of low-income economies showed more than plus or minus 10 per cent deviation in budget execution. Target 16.3 promote the rule of law at the national and international levels, and ensure equal access … By no means, the first should be left behind. In all but seven of these countries, more than half of children experienced violent forms of discipline. Binding laws and policies giving individuals a right to access information held by public authorities have been adopted by 125 countries, with at least 31 countries adopting such laws since 2013. The number of countries with binding laws and policies giving individuals a right to obtain access to information held by public authorities (the right to information) has continued to rise, reaching 127 in 2019. Through the implementation of birth registration with proof of legal identity, children’s rights can be protected and universal access to justice and social services can be enabled. SDG 16 articulates the key role that governance and the rule of law play in promoting peaceful, just, and inclusive societies and in ensuring sustainable development. Data from 2016 to 2018 show that the proportion of prisoners held in detention without being sentenced for a crime is 31 per cent, the same level as in 2005. Globally, children living in urban areas are around 1.5 times more likely to be registered than their rural counterparts. Since 1998, more than half of countries (116 of 197) have established a national human rights institution that has been peer reviewed for compliance with internationally agreed standards (the Paris Principles). Millions of people have been deprived of their security, human rights and access to justice. Various forms of violence against children persist. <br> Number of verified cases of killing, kidnapping, enforced disappearance, arbitrary detention and torture of journalists, associated media personnel, trade unionists and human rights advocates in the previous 12 months, Number of countries that adopt and implement constitutional, statutory and/or policy guarantees for public access to information. 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